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The Future of Tourism: Can Tourism Growth and Climate Policy be Reconciled? A Mitigation Perspective

“Tourism is an increasingly significant contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Emissions growth in the sector is in substantial conflict with global climate policy goals that seek to mitigate climate change through significant emissions reductions. This article discusses the role of various tourism sub-sectors in generating emissions, and technical and management options in reducing these. It concludes that given observed and anticipated emission growth rates, technology and management will not be sufficient to achieve even modest absolute emission reductions in the sector, pointing to the key role of social and behavioural change in realizing climatically sustainable tourism. The article also discusses some of the systematic barriers that have to be overcome in order for tourism to comply with post-Koyoto Protocol global mitigation frameworks. The Article concludes that radical change will be needed to reconcile the holiday and business travel demands of a growing world population with the climate policy targets of the international community, specifically restricting anthropogenic global warming to less than 2°C.”
Stefan Gössling, C. Michael Hall, Paul Peeters, Daniel Scott
Tourism Recreation Research
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