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Defining Terms for Integrated (Multi-Inter-Trans-Disciplinary) Sustainability Research

Abstract: 
Our contemporary social and ecological problems, including climate change, peak oil and food security, necessitate solutions informed by multiple backgrounds that singular disciplines seem unable to provide, and possibly, are even incapable of providing. The increasing occurrence of multi-, inter- and transdisciplinary (MIT) research projects speak to the recognition of that necessity. But as the literature and our own experiences bear out, just calling a project “beyond disciplinary” or integrated does not necessarily yield the intended outcomes or make progress toward alleviating the hurdles of bridging disciplines. Here we examine the distinctions between three categories (multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary) of integrated research and offer reflections on how sustainability researchers can categorize their research to improve common understandings.
Author: 
Paul Stock and Rob J.F. Burton
Institution: 
Centre for the Study of Agriculture, Food and Environment and Department of Sociology, University of Otago and Centre for Rural Research, respectively
Year: 
2011
Input By: 
Frederick Daso
Affiliation: 
MIT
Region(s): 
Industry Focus: 
Energy
Transport
Other Services
Datatype(s): 
Bibliographies & Reports
Models
Theory/Definition