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Adaptation to Climate Change in the Context of Sustainable Development and Equity

Abstract: 
Current knowledge of adaptation and adaptive capacity is insufficient for reliable prediction of adaptations; it also is insufficient for rigorous evaluation of planned adaptation options, measures, and policies of governments. C l i m a t e change vulnerability studies now usually consider adaptation, but they rarely go beyond identifying adaptation options that might be possible; there is little research on the dynamics of adaptation in human systems, the processes of adaptation decisionmaking, conditions that stimulate or constrain a d a p t ation, and the role of nonclimatic factors. There are serious limitations in existing evaluations of adaptation options: Economic benefits and costs are important criteria but are not s u fficient to adequately determine the appropriateness of a d a ptation measures; there also has been little research to date on the roles and responsibilities in adaptation of individuals, communities, corporations, private and public institutions, governments, and international organizations. Given the scope and variety of specific adaptation options across sectors, individuals, communities, and locations, as well as the variety of participants—private and public—involved in most adaptation initiatives, it is probably infeasible to systematically evaluate lists of particular adaptation measures; improving and applying knowledge on the constraints and opportunities for enhancing adaptive capacity is necessary to reduce vulnerabilities associated with climate change.
Author: 
BARRY SMIT, OLGA PILIFOSOVA
Year: 
2017
Input By: 
Thulith Edirisinghe
Affiliation: 
MIT undergraduate
Region(s): 
Industry Focus: 
Construction
Extraction & Processing
Manufacturing
Energy
Transport
Machinery & Equipment
Food & Agriculture
Legal & Financial
Datatype(s): 
Case Studies
Models
Policies
Theory/Definition