Knowledge System

Energy Use & Sources

The ability to do work.

I. ACTIVITIES & CONDITIONS

A. Energy Uses

1. Direct use (fuel wood, direct heat, steam & related)
2. Production of electricity 
3. Internal combustion
4. Distribution of transportation

II. SUSTAINABILITY PROBLEMS

A. Depletion of Non-renewable Resources

1. Proven and estimated global reserves

B. Pollution

1. Air
2. Wastes
3. Ecological/Ecosystem 

III. SCIENTIFIC & TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS

A. Alternative Production Technologies

1. Co-generation, improved efficiency in generation
2. Improved location and extraction of resources
3. Generation choice-natural gas, clean coal tech
4. Biomass
5. Alternative fuels for vehicles, hybrid electric

B. Efficient Use

1. Energy efficiency
2. DSM

C. Pollution Control

1. Pre combustion
2. Post combustion

D. Renewable Non-Polluting Resources

1. Solar
2. Wind
3. Geothermal
4. Hydro
5. Tidal
6. Fuel cells
7. Hydrogen

IV. SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, POLITICAL, & REGULATORY SOLUTIONS

A. Market Based Policies

1. Market driven changes in end-use
2. Culturally driven changes in end-use

B. Direct Regulatory Control

1. Command & control (CAA, CAAA, EPACT)
2. Government programs (DSM, LIHEAP, effstandards, CAFE)

C. Government. R&D

1. Tax credits for renewables (PURPA)
2. Technology transfer